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Huliganii was awarded the prize for the best For Eliade, the year marked the begin- novel of the year. The title of the book is slightly mis- ning of the period in which he and his friends were leading: Eliade's hooligans are young people full of no longer free to do what they wished.

A royal dicta- exuberance and belief in their own powers, disre- torship was imposed in the spring of Corneliu spectful of rigid conventions and concerned with Codreanu, the head of the right-wing Iron Guard the inner freedom and creativity that would make movement, was arrested.

People suspected of sym- them triumph in history. This book expresses Eli- pathizing with the Iron Guard were put under close ade's belief that nothing can make a truly creative supervision.

The watchful eye of the Secret Services person fail, short of his loss of freedom. The major did not spare Eliade, who had written a few right- literary critics praised the book while lovers of con- wing articles. Mter escaping a night-time search of ventional literature were distressed by those pas- his domicile, Eliade was arrested a few weeks later sages in which Eliade's characters behaved and charged with having suspect foreign contacts.

Honigberger" and Nopfi la Serampore translated as "Nights at Serampore". They were published together as a book in and later translated into English as Two Tales of the Occult Drawing on Eliade's Indian experiences and knowledge of Indian philosophy, these novellas are a mixture of reality and fiction, combining techniques of mys- tery stories with philosophical ideas about time and the sacred camouflaged in the profane.

At the same time Eliade became interested in exploring the sym- bolism of androgyny and the dialectics of the inte- gration of opposites.

His essays on the theme of "coincidentia oppositorium " were collected in Mitul Reintegriirii The Myth of Reintegration , published in After Nae Ionescu's death in March Eli- ade was sent as cultural attache to the Romanian Legation in England. Leaving for London saved his life and freedom insofar as it allowed him to con- tinue writing and thinking freely.

Eliade was able to meet with many British writers and do some research in the archives of the British Museum. The experience of frequent air attacks and of the London Blitz of September left a deep impression on Eliade.

In February , on the Iron Guard, Eliade refused because he had never same day Great Britain announced the severing of been a member of that organization.


Following his diplomatic ties with Romania which had joined the staunch refusal, he was sent to a detention camp at Axis camp , Eliade was appointed cultural secretary Miercurea-Ciuc. Eli- and in cultural counselor at the Romanian ade remained there only a few weeks and managed embassy in Lisbon, where he remained until Sep- in fact to write Nunta in cer Marriage in Heaven, tember Eliade enjoyed Lisbon, a haven in He quickly love.

Suspected of having tuberculosis, he was trans- learned Portuguese and began familiarizing himself ferred to a sanatorium further south to be released with Portuguese history and literature Luiz Var de only three weeks later.

Further examinations did Cam6es, above all , an opportunity for him to not confirm the initial diagnosis. He recovered the reflect on the similarities between Romanian and joy of living but realized that an era was drawing to Portuguese as Latin languages. In the summer of an end. Eliade his friends and family. This visit was the last time he faced the problem of earning a living for his family, set foot on Romanian soil. After the war rest.

He started contributing to the prestigious his beloved country was drawn into the Soviet Revista Fundatiilor Regale and was elected secretary of sphere of influence. In the winter of Eliade also Master Manole. He dimensions of the human condition. As in his later then moved to Cascaes in Portugal, a picturesque novellas-including Pe strada Mantuleasa ; fishing village near Estoril, where he began drafting translated as The Old Man and the Bureaucrats, - Le My the de l'eternel retour , which addresses the Bucharest, the city of his childhood and adoles- issue of the terror of history.

It was later translated cence, became almost a mythical place, "the heart into English as The Myth of the Eternal Return Combining historical realism with a he had had to go through. Given his past, returning narrative scenario saturated with symbols such as to Communist-led Romania would have been sui- the forest, the summer solstice, and the car , it cidal: he had to start a new life elsewhere. The pages in Eliade's journal recalled in volume two of his Autobiography, his redis- on which he describes the birth of this work are a covery of Paris was "a series of unexpected testimony of the interplay between literary creativity delights," and he started meeting with French histo- and scientific research, between the nocturnal uni- rians of religion such as Georges Dumezil and Paul verse of the imagination and the diurnal world of Masson-Oursel.

Nonetheless, life in Paris soon intellect. While writing Foret interdtte, Eliade realized proved difficult for Eliade. His reputation as a spe- that he was never going to be able to give up litera- cialist in the history of religions had yet to be consol- ture.

For him, fiction was more than a hobby; it was idated. Eliade tried to health. Persuaded of the organic need of man to obtain a permanent position in Paris, but he found dream, Eliade discovered an intimate connection that his politkal past made him suspect in the eyes between fiction and mythology.


Deriving etymologi- of many French Marxists. Encouraged by Ananda cally from imago representation, imitation , the Coomaraswamy, Eliade began thinking of immigrat- imagination, he noted, imitates exemplary models ing to the United States, but the untimely death of or images and reactualizes them. Coomaraswamy discouraged him from doing so for For Eliade the s were a successful decade the time being.

Beginning in February , Eliade in which he achieved long-deserved international gave a series of lectures on comparative mythology recognition as a leading historian of religions. Still facing Invited by Olga Froebe-Kapteyn to lecture at the financial insecurity, Eliade resumed his work on multidisciplinary Eranos Conferences in Ascona, Techniques du lOga Techniques of Yoga, , Traite Italy, in the summer of , Eliade became a prom- d'histoire des religions ; translated as Patterns in inent member of a circle dominated by the psychia- Comparative Religion, , and Le Mythe de l'eternel trist Carl Gustav Jung.

Eliade also became a regular retour. In the spring of Eliade met Christine! At on the history of religions and was often invited to about the same time he started editing Luceafarul, a lecture abroad. In a research grant awarded magazine for and by Romanian emigres. Immor- continue writing his literary works in Romanian: taliti et liberte ; translated as Yoga: Immortality "the homeland, for every exile," he told Claude- and Freedom, ; revised and enlarged, , Henri Racquet, "is the mother tongue he still con- were published in Paris.

In The Myth of the Eter- tinues to speak One year later Faret inter- f'Oret interdite conveys Eliade's nostalgia for his dite received few and reserved reviews in France. He continued to be a "wandering scholar," sor of history of religions at the University of Chi- traveling abroad and spending a few months each cago, where he gave the Haskell Lectures, year in Europe, mostly in France and Italy.

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His published in English as Birth and Rebirth. The Reli- extensive travels and reading notes are described in gious Meaning of Initiation in Human Culture , a his journals, which include many details about his thorough meditation on the role of initiation in teaching and his views on modern art and the novel.

Moving to the United States Eliade was interested in almost everything, from the meant a second exile for him, even though it gave Japanese artistic and religious genius which he him new research opportunities and eventually admired for its theology of momentary incarnations brought him international recognition.

Eliade left of the spirit to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, hip- Paris consoled by the thought that he would return pies, and politics. In he began co-editing the there in less than a year. Yet, in March he journal History of Religions, and one year later he and accepted the post of professor and chairman of the Ernst Junger began editing Antaios. Some of his history of religions department at the University of most important books were translated into English, Chicago, where he found a collegial atmosphere often in revised and enlarged editions and with new and good research opportunities.

A year later, he introductions, notably Patterns in Comparative Reli- joined the Committee on Social Thought, which gions The Sacred and the Profane l , Myths, had just been created and whose main aim was to Dreams, and Mysteries , Images and Symbols overcome narrow specialization by broadening stu- , Shamanism , and The Forge and the Cru- dents' cultural horizons.

Discovering the New cible Appointed Sewell L. Avery Distin- World and the American university system proved a guished Service Professor at the University of fascinating experience for Eliade, who could pur- Chicago in , Eliade received several honorary sue his research agenda in a tolerant and free envi- degrees from distinguished universities and was ronment.

He did not remain confined within the elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sci- quiet environment of the Hyde Park campus in Chi- ences At the same time the first critical DLB Mircea Eliade interpretations of his works were published, culmi- banal atmospheres and with apparently mediocre nating with a Festschrift, Myths and Symbols: Studies characters. Gavrilescu din La tiganci de Documents.

Mircea Eliade - Solilocvii Documents. Mircea Eliade - Wikipedia Documents. Seleccion - Mircea Eliade Documents. Mircea Eliade - Yoga Documents. Eliade, Mircea - Buddhism Documents. Mircea Eliade - Memorii Documents.

Mircea Eliade - Maitreyi Documents. Mircea Eliade - India.

Oct 28, - Chicago History Museum, N. Chicago Library , Wendy Doniger Mircea. Eliade Distinguished Service Professor of the History of. Level 1 Arts Certification. Chicago, especially Mircea Eliade and Joseph M. Kita- gawa, for their.

Bellah, Tokugawa Religion: The VaJues of Pre-industrial. Iapan Glencoe, , p. Mircea Eliade Dr.This small book-along with later outcome of many years of research. In September Though he and his family always celebrated his he was admitted to the prestigious Spiru-Haret high birthday on 9 March, his biographer Mac Linscott school in Bucharest.


Eliade felt almost compelled to preserving one's freedom. Eli- ade was sent as cultural attache to the Romanian Legation in England. Geological rift for-.